ISB Now

Award Reports, March 2018

Posted on April 5, 2018

Student Travel Grant Report March, 2018  by Cassandra Thompson

Travel is a wonderful and inevitable part of pursuing a career in research and academia. It is wonderful meeting new people, and experiencing different cultures. The personal development that comes with such opportunities is also invaluable. My father would probably describe it as building ‘intestinal fortitude’: strength which comes from stepping out of your comfort zone, courage and confidence to present your hard-earned knowledge without fear of judgement, and independence to catch a plane for the first time in your life and never look back. The inevitable, is that experience in a world-renowned laboratory is very desirable for job prospects. Thankfully I was given such an opportunity through the International Study of Biomechanics.

At the beginning of my honours year, I wrote a proposal and stumbled onto using peripheral nerve stimulation; specifically, the Hoffmann-reflex technique to probe spinal reflex excitability. My subsequent PhD was dependant on the working-order of three electrical stimulators, which look like they could be from the 1970’s. Although modest, the positive of using simple techniques is that you become so enveloped in the physiology of human movement rather than mechanics of equipment. Being good at something seemingly simple, can be quite useful. And thankfully, Professor Jaap van Dieen also found something valuable in the techniques that I was using. I then applied for, and was successful in receiving an International Travel Grant (ITG) from the International Society of Biomechanics to visit Jaap’s laboratory in Vrije Universteit, the Netherlands.

Reflecting on my time, I made incredible friends, learnt new techniques and struggled to speak Dutch. If I could have my time again, I would have stayed longer. I encourage all students to apply for this opportunity and be a part of this society that offers so much to foster and support the research that we (students) conduct. I have learnt so much, and was able to experience what it is like to be in a large research group. The research environment at Vrije is centred on collaboration between academics, who also work closely with the incredible engineers and technical officers. However, it is important to give back. I was able to share the techniques that I have learned throughout my PhD, create protocols for running future experiments and worked closely with the technical officers to set-up their lab to be able to continue this research.

Before applying, I was hopeful, but did not think my application for the student ITG would be successful. I am incredibly thankful to the ISB council members for giving me this opportunity. I would like to thank Jaap van Dieen, Huub Maas and Sjoerd Bruijn for making me welcome at Vrije. A special thanks also goes to Jos van den Berg and Leon for their patience and assistance with making and modifying equipment for my stay.

Cassandra Thompson

 

Matching Dissertation Grant Report March, 2018 by Megan Dutton

Motion analysis of the upper extremity has received increasing attention over the last 20 years. Studies conducted in overhead throwing, specifically the overhead pitch in baseball, have primarily focused on the measurement of mechanical load and stress on the shoulder and elbow joints, as well as injury prevention2-8. While overhead pitching is thought to be similar to the overhead throw utilised by cricketers when fielding9, a paucity of knowledge exists around the latter topic.

With the assistance of an ISB Matching Dissertation Grant, a dissertation titled: “The Cricketing Shoulder: Biomechanics and Analysis of Potential Injury Risk Factors to the Shoulder in elite Cricketers,” has been conducted. This dissertation is specifically orientated around the throwing techniques utilised by cricketers when fielding and included a shoulder specific musculoskeletal screen, as well as biomechanical assessment of throwing technique. A total of 25 elite male cricketers, (each performing a total of 42 throws) were assessed, in order to determine:

  1. The kinetics and kinematics of various throwing actions (overarm, side-arm and under-arm) in cricketers, highlighting the shoulder joint.
  2. The effect of movement or displaced centre of gravity while throwing on the above kinetics and kinematics of the shoulder joint
  3. The potential correlation for injury, between throwing technique and musculoskeletal variables (range of motion of shoulder rotation, upward scapula rotation and hip rotation; isometric strength of the scapula stabilisers, rotator cuff musculature and hip abductors; and the flexibility of pectoralis minor muscle and posterior shoulder complex).

Currently, all data is being processed and analysed with the intention that these results should be available by March/April 2018.

Thank you once again for your generous support. Kind regards

Megan Dutton PhD (Exercise Science and Sports Medicine) Registered Physiotherapist

Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine Department of Human Biology Faculty of Health Sciences University of Cape Town P.O. Box 115, Newlands 7725, South Africa

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ISB Grants Awarded

Posted on June 7, 2017

We are pleased to report that between December 2016 and April 2017, 28 Student Grants were funded by the ISB. The majority of these (21) are to help support the costs of travelling to ISB2017 in Brisbane. The remainder were for the Matching Dissertation Grant, the International Travel Grant and the Technical Group Travel Grant.  The successful applicants are from the USA, Europe, Canada, Brazil and Australia and the total amount awarded by ISB was more than 34,000 USD. It's great to see so many high quality applications from around the world.

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2017 Muybridge Award Winner: Walter Herzog

Posted on March 27, 2017

The Muybridge Award is presented at each congress to an individual for their “career achievements in biomechanics”, it is our society’s most prestigious award.  The award is named after Eadweard Muybridge (1830-1904), who was one forefathers of modern biomechanics with his recordings of various aspects of animal movement.  A committee reviewed the nominees for the 2017 award, and the selection was Dr. Walter Herzog for his outstanding contributions to biomechanics research, the development of biomechanics worldwide, and contributions to the ISB.  At the 2017 Congress Walter will be presented with the Muybridge Medal, and deliver the accompanying lecture.

Dr. Walter Herzog did his undergraduate training in Physical Education at the Federal Technical Institute in Zurich, Switzerland (1979).  In 1979 he moved the US to study with Jim Hay, completed his doctoral research in biomechanics at the University of Iowa (USA) in 1985.  He completed postdoctoral fellowships in Neuroscience and Biomechanics at the University of Calgary (Canada) in 1987.  Currently, Walter is a Professor of Biomechanics at the University of Calgary with appointments in Kinesiology, Medicine, Engineering, and Veterinary Medicine.  He holds the Canada Research Chair for Cellular and Molecular Biomechanics, and is appointed to the Killam Memorial Chair for Inter-Disciplinary Research at the University of Calgary.

His research interests are in musculoskeletal biomechanics with emphasis on mechanisms of muscle contraction, and the biomechanics of joints with focus on mechanisms of onset and progression of osteoarthritis.  Within these areas, his work is carried out experimentally and theoretically at the molecular/cellular levels using in vitro, in situ, and in vivo preparations.  Walter has published fours books, with one in its third edition, and over 500 papers.  In recognition of his research Walter has been the recipient of many awards including the Borelli Award from the American Society of Biomechanics and the Career Award from the Canadian Society for Biomechanics.  He is the past president of the American and Canadian Societies for Biomechanics, and was recently inducted into the Royal Society of Canada.

From 2007 to 2008 Walter served as the President of the ISB.  In 2015 he was appointed a fellow of the ISB.  He was a co-organizer of the 1999 ISB Congress hosted in Calgary, and he is the co-organizer of the 2019 Congress also to be hosted in Calgary.

We congratulate Walter on winning the 2017 Muybridge Award and look forward to his Muybridge Award lecture during the 2017 Congress in Brisbane.

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ISB Award Deadlines

Posted on December 22, 2016

Promising Scientist Award

The Promising Scientist award is designed to acknowledge people who have performed superior biomechanics research early in their career. It entails a certificate and a monetary award of US$ 5000 for scientific purposes, such as visiting another research group to collaborate on a project. The competition is held each year in which there is an ISB-conference. The winner of the award is expected to give a 30 min. plenary presentation over the recent studies that have contributed to the award at the ISB-congress of the same year.

Requirements: To be eligible for the award, a candidate must (1) be a member of the ISB, (2) be post-doctoral but not more than 5 years. Each candidate must submit his or her full curriculum vitae, identify at least two first author full articles in peer reviewed scientific journals that he or she has written in a single area of Biomechanics, and provide interpretative summaries describing the contribution of each article. Applications for the award are to be sent to the Jury chairman. Please send your applications to ISB Awards Officer, Prof Catherine Disselhorst-Klug (disselhorst-klug@ame.rwth-aachen.de) by February 28, 2017. Additionally, please download the PSA tick-box questionnaire on the ISB Web-site, answer the questions and send it back to the ISB Awards Officer.

 

Carlo de Luca Emerging Scientist Award

The ISB has had great pleasure to announce and award the Carlo de Luca Emerging Scientist Award in honor of Professor Carlo de Luca and his pioneering contribution to the science and application of biomechanics, in particular in the area of electromyography. The award honors excellence in graduate research in the area of motor control and electromyography and is associated with a monetary award of $US 2,500. The winners are selected prior to the next ISB Congress and will present in the award’s session at that ISB Congress

Requirements: Candidates must be at a very early stage of their scientific career and to be eligible must not have received their PhD degree before the previous ISB Congress (two years prior to the Congress where the award will be given). Current graduate students, including MSc level students, are also eligible. Please send your applications to Prof Catherine Disselhorst-Klug (disselhorst-klug@ame.rwth-aachen.de) by February 28, 2017. The abstract must be in the area of motor control/electromyography. You are also requested to submit an up to date curriculum vitae and PDF copies of two of your refereed publications in the area of motor control / electromyography.

When applying for the award, please download the Carlo de Luca ESA tick-box questionnaire at the ISB Web-site, answer the questions and send it back to the ISB Awards Officer, too.

 

Please note: You are also required to submit your abstract simultaneously to the ISB congress organizers and that ISB has a policy that an abstract submitted for an ISB conference award is non-identical to an abstract submitted elsewhere.

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ISB2015 Award Winners

Posted on September 30, 2015

We are delighted to announce the following awards, that were presented at ISB2015.

 

David Winter Young Investigator Award 2015 – Poster

Robert Eberle

University of Insbruck

Dept. of sport science

Insbruck, Austria

“ How to generate injury prone to situations for non-contact ACL injuries”

 

David Winter Young Investigator Award 2015 – Podium

Kelly A. Larkin-Kaiser

University of Calgary

Dept. of Kinesiology

Calgary, Canada

“Lager isoforms of titin are associated with increased sarcomere length and servity of hip displacement in CP”

 

Clinical Biomechanics Award 2015

Andrew Tan

Northwestern University

Dept. od Neuroscience

USA

Tan A. et. al: Cortical Modulation of TMS included across joint kinetic synergies in the post stroke lower limb

 

Promising Scientists Award 2015Ross Miller, PhD

University of Maryland

Dept. of Kinesiology and Faculty of Neuroscience

USA

 

Emerging Scientist Award 2015

Shota Haigo

Kyoto University of Japan

Laboratory of Neuroscience

Kyoto, Japan

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2015 Muybridge Award Winner: Kai-Nan An

Posted on March 31, 2015

kai-nan-an

As Past-President of ISB, one of my more enjoyable duties this year was to chair the selection committee for the 2015 Muybridge Award. I was assisted by two former Muybridge Award winners, Peter Cavanagh and Benno Nigg, and by John Challis, the current President of ISB.

The Muybridge Award is the most prestigious award given by the International Society of Biomechanics and is given for career achievements in the field of biomechanics. Eadweard Muybridge (1830-1904) was the first to capture motion using high-speed photography, thus laying the foundation for the development of modern biomechanics. Previous winners of the award are listed here.

The committee considered a shortlist of 8 nominees. Dr. Kai-Nan An was unanimously selected because of his exceptional impact on the field of biomechanics. A quantitative measure of this impact is the staggering amount of more than 20,000 citations of his published work. It was also noted that this impact occurred across a broad area in biomechanics, ranging from fundamentals of musculoskeletal modeling to very specialized and applied questions in orthopedics of the lower and upper extremity. His work has not only impacted biomechanics, but also the clinical practice of orthopedics.

Kai-Nan An received his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering and applied mechanics in 1975 from Lehigh University in Bethlehem, PA. He is the Director (1993-present) of the Orthopedic Biomechanics Laboratory at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN, and Professor of Bioengineering, Mayo Medical School. He was named the John and Posy Krehbiel Professor of Orthopedics, Mayo Medical School, in 1993. He has co-authored more than 800 scientific articles and book chapters, most appearing in peer-reviewed journals.

Dr. An’s research interests include biomechanics, biomaterials, imaging, wheelchair propulsion, orthopedics and rehabilitation. He has been awarded numerous grants from NIH and industry, and his collaboration with other institutions stretches across the globe, most recently to Asia and Europe.

Dr. An has received several awards from various societies, including the You-Li Chou Medal from the Taiwanese Society of Biomechanics, the Borelli Award from the ASB, the Distinguished Alumnus Award from National Cheng-Kung University, the Neer Award from ASES, the Kappa Delta Award from AAOS, and was named as a Fellow of the ASME in 2007. He is a founding member of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering, and actively serves as a mentor and advisor to graduate students and research fellows, as well as various medical and engineering organizations.

We congratulate Dr. An on winning the 2015 Muybridge Award and look forward to his Muybridge Award lecture during the 2015 Congress of the ISB.

Ton van den Bogert

Past President, ISB

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