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Chinese Association of Biomechanics in Sports – September 2010

Posted on September 23, 2010

1. Introduction
The first Chinese teacher training program of sport biomechanics was held in 1959 when Donskoi’s teaching materials from the former Soviet Union were first recommended in China. At the same time, the Research Group of Sport Biomechanics was founded in the China Institute of Sport Science. Since then, sport biomechanics courses were opened in many sport institutes and departments, and research groups of sport biomechanics were established in most provincial institutes of sport science in China. In 1980, the Chinese Ministry of Education defined sport biomechanics as a compulsory subject within sport majors and established the syllabus of sport biomechanics, which was published in 1985.

Being a branch of the China Sport Science Society, the Chinese Association of Biomechanics in Sports was established in 1980 and it is affiliated with the China Institute of Sport Science. It is a group member of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports (ISBS) and the International Society of Biomechanics (ISB).

The aims of the Chinese Association of Biomechanics in Sports are to unite the vast numbers of researchers of sport biomechanics and initiate the spirit of dedication, creativity and cooperation. Based on the constitutions, law and morality, the Association extensively carries out academic research, promotes the development of sport biomechanics and talents in this field, and serves to improve general public fitness public as well as athletic performance.

2. Major Functions
To unite the researchers of sport biomechanics, actively develop its members in China, and cultivate talents.
To hold academic exchanges, seminars and national level conferences.
To undertake the review work of academic papers assigned by the government and the China Sport Science Society.
To recommend bidding projects in Sports Biomechanics for the China Sport Science Society.
To provide scientific consultation for Chinese government and the China Sport Science Society.
To summarize the development of sport biomechanics regularly.
To popularize the science of sports biomechanics.
To organize international academic conferences.

3. Major Academic Activities
Since the foundation of the society, it has already held 13 national academic conferences and successfully hosted the 23rd Symposium of the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports in Beijing in 2005. Now it is preparing for the 14th National Congress on Sport Biomechanics. In addition, in the past 10 years, the Association held a seminar once or twice a year. The seminars are related to the development of sport biomechanics, the methods of dynamic measurement, the methods of technical diagnosis, the measurement and analysis methods of electromyography as well as strength training. In 2000, the Chinese Association of Biomechanics in Sports set up a website. Information relating to the Association and its subjects are released conveniently and quickly through the website.

4. Source of Funds
1)  The expenses related to the seminars are sponsored by companies, which is a major source of finance for the Chinese Association of Biomechanics in Sports to hold seminars. For instance, the expenses of the 4 national seminars held between 2005 and 2009 were sponsored by companies.
2)  The expenses related to the national academic conferences are supported by the institutions which organize the conference. In China, the members of the Chinese Association of Biomechanics in Sports come fromsport science institutions, sport universities and colleges. Many of them have the funding ability and great enthusiasm to hold the conference, so the open tender method is adopted by the Association to select the organizer.
3)  The Chinese Association of Biomechanics in Sports can get some limited funds from the China Sport Science Society.
4)  The day-to-day expense is supported by the China Institute of Sport Science.

5. Major Research Activities

Basic Research
In the past 20 years China has put more emphasis on applied research. Although basic research support has increased in the Chinese government in recent years, there is still a big gap in this field between China and other countries. This situation is also reflected in sport biomechanics research.

Currently, the basic research focus of the Chinese Association of Biomechanics in Sports includes:
1)  Biomechanical modeling and computer simulation of human movement
2)  Neuromuscular mechanics
3)  Biomechanical mechanisms of sport injury and rehabilitation
4)  The application of neural network techniques in the diagnosis of sport techniques
5)  Synchronous measurement and analysis for kinematics, kinetics and electromyography
Strictly speaking, compared with research abroad, basic research on sport biomechanics in China is still fewer in numbers and important breakthroughs haven’t been achieved up to now.

Applied Research
Chinese sport, especially competitive sport puts more emphasis on applied research because of the need of sport practice, which means sport training urgently needs the support from sport biomechanics. Therefore, sport biomechanics is widely applied in competitive sport in China and a large number of applied research is undertaken. The applied research includes:
1)  Analysis of sport techniques (technical diagnosis, optimization of techniques, technical imitation, etc.)
2)  Development of image/video capturing and analysis systems for sport techniques
3)  Kinetic measurement and analysis in sport movements and muscle strength
4)  Measurement and analysis of bioelectricity in neuromuscular system
5)  Prevention of sport injury
6)  Development of sport equipment and testing instruments
Objectively speaking, sport biomechanics plays an important part in improving the scientific training level of the Chinese elite athletes, especially for their technical training in the preparation of major competitions. On the other hand, sport biomechanics is also an important subject that supports the scientific training system for the Chinese elite athletes.

6. Prospect
With a bright future and as an established home of research, the Chinese Association of Biomechanics in Sports will continue to develop and do its best to realize the following targets:
1)  Further enlarge the membership of the Chinese Association of Biomechanics in Sports
2)  Try to secure more funding from social sponsors
3)  Enhance knowledge and skills through increasing the opportunities of academic exchange for researchers
4)  Popularize the applications of the achievements of sport biomechanics
5)  Disseminate knowledge of sport biomechanics
6)  Make contributions to Chinese elite athletes in the preparation for the 2012 Olympic Games and major international competitions
7)  Further promote international academic exchanges
8)  Hold international academic conferences at opportune times.

Prof. Qing Wang, Ph.D.
President of the Chinese Association of Biomechanics in Sports

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